金正恩年内回访韩尚无进展 韩媒称青瓦台着急

时间:2020-05-25 18:07:00 作者:258369147114 热度:1199℃

私人官网,� 旧楼多 工学推出布局及工程课程

(刚)(首)(飞)(成)(功)(的)(长)(五)B(有)(哪)(些)"(黑)(科)(技)"?(十)(组)(问)(题)(了)(解)(它)|||||||

(()(原)(标)(题)(:)(十)(组)(问)(题)(,)(了)(解)(刚)(刚)(首)(飞)(成)(功)(的)(长)(五)B(!)())

(胖)(五)(又)(上)(天)(!)(长)(五)B(火)(箭)(近)(地)(轨)(道)(运)(载)(能)(力)(大)(于)22(吨)

(据)(中)(国)(载)(人)(航)(天)(工)(程)(办)(公)(室)(消)(息)(,)2020(年)5(月)5(日)(,)(为)(我)(国)(载)(人)(空)(间)(站)(工)(程)(研)(制)(的)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(()(以)(下)(简)(称)(“)(长)(五)B(”)())(运)(载)(火)(箭)(,)(搭)(载)(新)(一)(代)(载)(人)(飞)(船)(试)(验)(船)(和)(柔)(性)(充)(气)(式)(货)(物)(返)(回)(舱)(试)(验)(舱)(,)(在)(文)(昌)(航)(天)(发)(射)(场)(点)(火)(升)(空)(,)(载)(荷)(组)(合)(体)(被)(送)(入)(预)(定)(轨)(道)(,)(首)(飞)(任)(务)(取)(得)(圆)(满)(成)(功)(,)(实)(现)(空)(间)(站)(阶)(段)(飞)(行)(任)(务)(首)(战)(告)(捷)(,)(拉)(开)(我)(国)(载)(人)(航)(天)(工)(程)(“)(第)(三)(步)(”)(任)(务)(序)(幕)(。)(这)(是)(中)(国)(乃)(至)(亚)(洲)(火)(箭)(首)(次)(发)(射)(超)(过)(“)(两)(万)(公)(斤)(”)(的)(航)(天)(器)(,)(进)(一)(步)(奠)(定)(“)(胖)(五)(”)(家)(族)(在)(世)(界)(现)(役)(火)(箭)(第)(一)(梯)(队)(中)(的)(地)(位)(。)(《)(环)(球)(时)(报)(》)(记)(者)(带)(你)(通)(过)(十)(组)(问)(题)(来)(了)(解)(这)(位)(实)(力)(非)(凡)(的)(“)(胖)(五)(”)(家)(族)(新)(成)(员)(。)

1(、)(为)(何)(要)(研)(制)(长)(五)B(?)(未)(来)(用)(途)(是)(什)(么)(?)

(长)(征)(五)(号)B(运)(载)(火)(箭)(是)(由)(中)(国)(研)(制)(的)(新)(一)(代)(大)(型)(液)(体)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(,)(为)(一)(级)(半)(火)(箭)(,)(芯)(级)(采)(用)5(米)(直)(径)(,)(捆)(绑)4(个)3.35(米)(直)(径)(的)(助)(推)(器)(,)(全)(箭)(长)(约)53.66(米)(,)(起)(飞)(质)(量)(约)849(吨)(,)(起)(飞)(推)(力)(约)1068(吨) (,)(近)(地)(轨)(道)(()(近)(地)(点)200(公)(里)(,)(远)(地)(点)400(公)(里)(,)(轨)(道)(倾)(角)(约)42(°)())(运)(载)(能)(力)22(吨)(级)(。)

(胖)(五)(又)(上)(天)(!)(长)(五)B(火)(箭)(近)(地)(轨)(道)(运)(载)(能)(力)(大)(于)22(吨)

(长)(征)(五)(号)B(运)(载)(火)(箭)(是)(专)(门)(为)(载)(人)(航)(天)(工)(程)(空)(间)(站)(建)(设)(研)(制)(的)(一)(型)(新)(型)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(。)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(运)(载)(火)(箭)(首)(飞)(任)(务)(将)(搭)(载)(新)(一)(代)(载)(人)(飞)(船)(开)(展)(试)(验)(验)(证)(。)(完)(成)(技)(术)(方)(案)(验)(证)(后)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(遥)(二)(至)(遥)(四)(任)(务)(将)(先)(后)(完)(成)(空)(间)(站)(三)(个)(舱)(段)(的)(发)(射)(任)(务)(。)

2(、)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(和)(长)(征)(五)(号)(相)(比)(,)(有)(哪)(些)(异)(同)(?)

(长)(征)(五)(号)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(与)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(运)(载)(火)(箭)(同)(属)(长)(征)(五)(号)(火)(箭)(系)(列)(,)(两)(型)(火)(箭)(共)(享)5(米)(大)(直)(径)(箭)(体)(结)(构)(研)(制)(、)(大)(推)(力)(液)(氧)(液)(氢)(发)(动)(机)(技)(术)(、)(大)(推)(力)(液)(氧)(煤)(油)(发)(动)(机)(技)(术)(、)(大)(型)(活)(动)(发)(射)(平)(台)(技)(术)(、)(系)(统)(级)(冗)(余)(控)(制)(技)(术)(等)(关)(键)(技)(术)(,)(但)(两)(型)(火)(箭)(在)(设)(计)(、)(用)(途)(等)(方)(面)(存)(在)(很)(多)(不)(同)(。)

(从)(构)(型)(上)(看)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(采)(用)(两)(级)(半)(构)(型)(,)(由)(芯)(一)(级)+(助)(推)(器)+(芯)(二)(级)+(整)(流)(罩)(组)(成)(;)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(运)(载)(火)(箭)(采)(用)(一)(级)(半)(构)(型)(,)(由)(芯)(一)(级)+(助)(推)(器)+(整)(流)(罩)(组)(成)(。)

(从)(外)(观)(上)(看)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(运)(载)(火)(箭)(与)(长)(征)(五)(号)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(的)(最)(大)(区)(别)(在)(于)(整)(流)(罩)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(的)(整)(流)(罩)(长)(度)(大)(约)12.3(米)(,)(而)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(的)(整)(流)(罩)(长)(度)(达)(到)(了)20.5(米)(,)(是)(我)(国)(目)(前)(最)(大)(的)(火)(箭)(整)(流)(罩)(。)

(从)(用)(途)(上)(看)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(一)(般)(用)(于)(发)(射)(高)(轨)(道)(的)(大)(型)(卫)(星)(以)(及)(各)(类)(深)(空)(探)(测)(器)(,)(例)(如)(实)(践)(二)(十)(号)(卫)(星)(、)(嫦)(娥)(五)(号)(月)(球)(探)(测)(器)(、)(火)(星)(探)(测)(器)(等)(;)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(运)(载)(火)(箭)(主)(要)(用)(于)(发)(射)(近)(地)(轨)(道)(的)(大)(型)(卫)(星)(及)(飞)(船)(,)(例)(如)(载)(人)(空)(间)(站)(的)(核)(心)(舱)(和)(实)(验)(舱)(等)(。)

(从)(运)(载)(能)(力)(上)(看)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)(火)(箭)(地)(球)(同)(步)(转)(移)(轨)(道)(()GT0())(运)(载)(能)(力)(约)(为)14(吨)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(近)(地)(轨)(道)(()LEO())(运)(载)(能)(力)(约)(为)22(吨)(。)

3(、)(长)(五)B(是)(一)(个)(一)(级)(半)(火)(箭)(,)(比)(长)(五)(少)(一)(个)(二)(级)(,)(是)(否)(意)(味)(着)(研)(制)(难)(度)(大)(大)(降)(低)(?)

(长)(征)(五)(号)B(与)(长)(征)(五)(号)(是)(同)(属)(一)(个)(火)(箭)(系)(列)(的)(不)(同)(构)(型)(,)(做)(“)(减)(法)(”)(的)(说)(法)(并)(不)(贴)(切)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(与)(长)(征)(五)(号)(火)(箭)(共)(享)(了)(芯)(一)(级)(和)(助)(推)(器)(的)(大)(部)(分)(关)(键)(技)(术)(,)(减)(少)(了)(一)(部)(分)(研)(制)(工)(作)(量)(,)(但)(是)(从)(研)(制)(难)(度)(上)(看)(,)(长)(五)B(这)(种)(一)(级)(半)(构)(型)(的)(火)(箭)(,)(在)(我)(们)(国)(家)(尚)(属)(首)(次)(,)(涉)(及)(到)(一)(些)(独)(有)(的)(技)(术)(特)(点)(,)(也)(是)(研)(制)(工)(作)(的)(重)(点)(和)(难)(点)(。)

(长)(征)(五)(号)B(与)(长)(征)(五)(号)(相)(比)(,)(是)(国)(内)(首)(次)(将)(一)(级)(火)(箭)(作)(为)(末)(级)(使)(用)(,)(不)(增)(加)(姿)(态)(调)(整)(和)(速)(度)(修)(正)(,)(直)(接)(将)(有)(效)(载)(荷)(送)(入)(轨)(道)(。)(在)(一)(级)(发)(动)(机)(关)(机)(时)(,)(约)140(吨)(的)(推)(力)(在)(几)(秒)(钟)(之)(内)(消)(失)(,)(相)(当)(于)(一)(辆)(高)(速)(行)(驶)(的)(火)(车)(突)(然)(“)(刹)(车)(”)(,)(还)(要)(稳)(稳)(停)(靠)(在)(指)(定)(位)(置)(,)(然)(后)(让)(“)(乘)(客)(”)(顺)(利)(下)(车)(。)(为)(此)(研)(制)(队)(伍)(攻)(克)(了)(“)(大)(推)(力)(直)(接)(入)(轨)(”)(关)(键)(技)(术)(,)(满)(足)(了)(有)(效)(载)(荷)(对)(姿)(态)(控)(制)(和)(制)(导)(精)(度)(控)(制)(的)(指)(标)(。)

(长)(征)(五)(号)B(与)(长)(征)(五)(号)(相)(比)(,)(变)(“)(轻)(”)(了)(,)(飞)(得)(更)(“)(快)(”)(,)(飞)(行)(时)(的)(过)(载)(变)(大)(了)(,)(对)(箭)(上)(设)(备)(环)(境)(耐)(受)(能)(力)(提)(出)(了)(新)(考)(验)(。)

4(、)(从)(外)(观)(上)(看)(,)(长)(五)B(个)(子)(比)(长)(五)(矮)(一)(点)(,)(但)(“)(头)(部)(”)(比)(长)(五)(要)(大)(了)(许)(多)(,)(为)(什)(么)(要)(做)(这)(么)(大)(的)(整)(流)(罩)(?)

(长)(征)(五)(号)B(与)(长)(征)(五)(号)(相)(比)(,)(“)(脑)(袋)(”)(变)(“)(大)(”)(了)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(的)(整)(流)(罩)(长)(度)(大)(约)12.3(米)(,)(而)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(的)(整)(流)(罩)(长)(度)(达)(到)(了)20.5(米)(,)(是)(我)(国)(现)(役)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(采)(用)(的)(尺)(寸)(规)(模)(最)(大)(的)(整)(流)(罩)(,)(是)(为)(了)(发)(射)(载)(人)(航)(天)(工)(程)(空)(间)(站)(核)(心)(舱)(和)(实)(验)(舱)(而)(专)(门)(设)(计)(的)(,)(可)(以)(说)(是)(“)(私)(人)(订)(制)(”)(。)(整)(流)(罩)(由)(端)(头)(、)(冯)(卡)(门)(锥)(段)(、)(组)(合)(前)(柱)(段)(、)(后)(柱)(段)(和)(转)(接)(框)(组)(成)(,)(整)(流)(罩)(的)(可)(靠)(分)(离)(成)(为)(摆)(在)(研)(制)(人)(员)(面)(前)(的)(一)(关)(。)(研)(制)(人)(员)(开)(展)(了)(分)(多)(次)(仿)(真)(分)(析)(、)(分)(离)(试)(验)(,)(采)(用)(弹)(性)(整)(流)(罩)(分)(离)(仿)(真)(技)(术)(、)(大)(型)(整)(流)(罩)(地)(面)(分)(离)(试)(验)(技)(术)(,)(解)(决)(了)(这)(个)(难)(题)(。)(另)(外)(,)(整)(流)(罩)(部)(位)(的)(气)(动)(加)(热)(作)(用)(也)(更)(明)(显)(,)(特)(别)(是)(安)(装)(在)(整)(流)(罩)(附)(近)(的)(火)(工)(品)(所)(处)(的)(环)(境)(也)(更)(热)(了)(,)(对)(火)(工)(品)(提)(出)(新)(的)(考)(验)(,)(为)(此)(专)(门)(开)(展)(了)(相)(关)(分)(析)(研)(究)(和)(试)(验)(工)(作)(。)

5(、)(相)(比)(于)(现)(役)(其)(他)(型)(号)(火)(箭)(,)(长)(五)B(有)(哪)(些)(“)(黑)(科)(技)(”)(?)

(超)(长)(整)(流)(罩)(研)(制)(。)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(整)(流)(罩)(采)(用)(流)(线)(型)(的)(冯)(×)(卡)(门)(曲)(线)(外)(形)(,)(可)(以)(更)(好)(的)(减)(小)(空)(气)(阻)(力)(,)(减)(轻)(载)(荷)(影)(响)(。)(作)(为)(我)(国)(长)(度)(最)(长)(、)(重)(量)(最)(重)(的)(整)(流)(罩)(,)(另)(一)(个)(技)(术)(难)(点)(在)(于)(如)(何)(做)(到)(安)(全)(可)(靠)(的)(分)(离)(。)(经)(过)(多)(方)(案)(比)(较)(,)(最)(终)(确)(定)(了)(采)(用)(旋)(转)(式)(分)(离)(方)(案)(,)(通)(过)(大)(量)(的)(仿)(真)(分)(析)(、)(预)(示)(,)(对)(整)(流)(罩)(分)(离)(方)(案)(进)(行)(评)(估)(,)(并)(多)(次)(开)(展)(了)(整)(流)(罩)(分)(离)(试)(验)(,)(有)(效)(验)(证)(了)(设)(计)(正)(确)(性)(和)(各)(系)(统)(接)(口)(协)(调)(性)(。)

(低)(温)(火)(箭)(“)(零)(窗)(口)(”)(发)(射)(技)(术)(。)(作)(为)(未)(来)(发)(射)(空)(间)(站)(核)(心)(舱)(和)(实)(验)(舱)(的)(火)(箭)(,)(空)(间)(站)(交)(会)(对)(接)(任)(务)(对)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(提)(出)(了)(“)(零)(窗)(口)(”)(发)(射)(的)(需)(求)(,)(发)(射)(时)(间)(精)(度)(误)(差)(要)(控)(制)(在)1(秒)(以)(内)(。)(为)(了)(做)(到)(“)(零)(窗)(口)(”)(发)(射)(,)(火)(箭)(各)(系)(统)(要)(确)(保)(在)(点)(火)(前)(一)(段)(时)(间)(就)(完)(成)(各)(项)(准)(备)(,)(以)(准)(备)(好)(的)(状)(态)(等)(待)(点)(火)(。)(由)(于)(低)(温)(推)(进)(剂)(加)(注)(后)(会)(不)(停)(的)(“)(蒸)(发)(”)(消)(耗)(,)(因)(此)(,)(发)(射)(准)(备)(好)(的)(状)(态)(并)(不)(是)(越)(早)(越)(好)(,)(而)(是)(要)(严)(格)(按)(照)(时)(间)(要)(求)(精)(准)(的)(完)(成)(。)(研)(制)(团)(队)(从)(系)(统)(发)(射)(可)(靠)(性)(提)(升)(和)(发)(射)(流)(程)(优)(化)(两)(个)(方)(面)(开)(展)(了)(工)(作)(。)(通)(过)(开)(展)(可)(靠)(性)(试)(验)(和)(分)(析)(工)(作)(,)(实)(现)(了)(关)(键)(系)(统)(可)(靠)(性)(提)(升)(;)(通)(过)(射)(前)(流)(程)(优)(化)(,)(进)(一)(步)(提)(高)(了)(各)(系)(统)(对)(于)(“)(零)(窗)(口)(”)(发)(射)(的)(适)(应)(性)(。)

(大)(直)(径)(舱)(箭)(分)(离)(技)(术)(。)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(研)(制)(团)(队)(围)(绕)(降)(低)(和)(改)(善)(冲)(击)(环)(境)(开)(展)(了)(专)(题)(攻)(关)(,)(对)(多)(种)(降)(冲)(击)(方)(案)(进)(行)(比)(较)(和)(试)(验)(后)(,)(采)(用)(了)(“)(隔)(冲)(框)(+)(阻)(尼)(盒)(”)(的)(降)(冲)(击)(方)(案)(,)(并)(应)(用)(了)(“)(颗)(粒)(阻)(尼)(技)(术)(”)(。)(“)(颗)(粒)(阻)(尼)(技)(术)(”)(是)(一)(种)(新)(型)(振)(动)(被)(动)(控)(制)(技)(术)(,)(通)(过)(颗)(粒)(体)(和)(阻)(尼)(器)(构)(成)(一)(个)(耦)(合)(、)(封)(闭)(的)(非)(线)(性)(系)(统)(,)(依)(靠)(摩)(擦)(和)(非)(弹)(性)(碰)(撞)(,)(迅)(速)(地)(耗)(散)(动)(能)(,)(实)(现)(减)(振)(降)(噪)(的)(效)(果)(。)(经)(过)(试)(验)(验)(证)(,)(舱)(箭)(分)(离)(界)(面)(的)(分)(离)(得)(到)(有)(效)(改)(善)(,)(空)(间)(站)(舱)(段)(可)(以)(在)(“)(下)(车)(”)(过)(程)(中)(感)(受)(到)(火)(箭)(的)(“)(温)(柔)(”)(。)

(大)(推)(力)(直)(接)(入)(轨)(技)(术)(。)(为)(了)(确)(保)(精)(准)(、)(安)(全)(入)(轨)(,)(研)(制)(团)(队)(从)(入)(轨)(姿)(态)(控)(制)(、)(入)(轨)(精)(度)(控)(制)(、)(分)(离)(安)(全)(控)(制)(三)(个)(方)(面)(开)(展)(了)(攻)(关)(工)(作)(。)(通)(过)(采)(用)(姿)(态)(控)(制)(增)(益)(优)(化)(方)(法)(,)(提)(高)(了)(姿)(态)(控)(制)(精)(度)(;)(通)(过)(采)(用)(多)(方)(法)(联)(合)(的)(复)(合)(制)(导)(方)(案)(,)(有)(效)(降)(低)(了)(制)(导)(误)(差)(对)(精)(度)(造)(成)(的)(影)(响)(。)(同)(时)(,)(为)(了)(提)(高)(舱)(箭)(分)(离)(后)(的)(安)(全)(裕)(度)(,)(增)(加)(了)2(枚)(反)(推)(火)(箭)(,)(确)(保)(舱)(箭)(分)(离)(后)(,)(火)(箭)(一)(级)(箭)(体)(可)(以)(避)(开)(空)(间)(站)(舱)(段)(的)(轨)(道)(面)(。)(经)(过)(仿)(真)(分)(析)(、)(系)(统)(综)(合)(实)(验)(、)(半)(实)(物)(仿)(真)(试)(验)(等)(考)(核)(评)(估)(,)(大)(推)(力)(直)(接)(入)(轨)(精)(度)(控)(制)(和)(分)(离)(安)(全)(控)(制)(技)(术)(的)(有)(效)(性)(得)(到)(了)(验)(证)(。)

6(、)(长)(五)(系)(列)(火)(箭)(为)(何)(要)(型)(谱)(化)(发)(展)(?)

(长)(征)(五)(号)(系)(列)(火)(箭)(从)(设)(计)(之)(初)(,)(就)(按)(照)(“)(通)(用)(化)(、)(系)(列)(化)(、)(组)(合)(化)(”)(的)(设)(计)(思)(想)(开)(展)(设)(计)(。)(其)(发)(展)(思)(路)(可)(以)(概)(括)(为)(“)(一)(个)(系)(列)(、)(两)(种)(发)(动)(机)(、)(三)(个)(模)(块)(”)(,)(即)(首)(先)(研)(制)5(米)(直)(径)(基)(本)(型)(火)(箭)(,)(全)(面)(突)(破)(两)(种)(液)(氧)(煤)(油)(和)(氢)(氧)(发)(动)(机)(、)(三)(个)(模)(块)(及)(相)(关)(关)(键)(技)(术)(,)(形)(成)(研)(制)5(米)(直)(径)(系)(列)(火)(箭)(的)(能)(力)(,)(在)(近)(地)(轨)(道)(和)(地)(球)(同)(步)(转)(移)(轨)(道)(最)(大)(运)(载)(能)(力)(上)(与)(国)(际)(主)(流)(火)(箭)(接)(轨)(,)(进)(而)(带)(动)(我)(国)(其)(他)(新)(一)(代)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(发)(展)(,)(构)(筑)(新)(一)(代)(无)(毒)(、)(无)(污)(染)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(系)(列)(型)(谱)(,)(实)(现)(我)(国)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(的)(全)(面)(升)(级)(换)(代)(,)(并)(为)(下)(一)(步)(发)(展)(重)(型)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(奠)(定)(坚)(实)(的)(技)(术)(基)(础)(。)

(型)(谱)(化)(发)(展)(的)(可)(以)(有)(效)(节)(约)(研)(制)(成)(本)(,)(缩)(短)(研)(制)(周)(期)(,)(最)(大)(化)(利)(用)(研)(制)(场)(地)(和)(设)(备)(,)(提)(升)(产)(品)(质)(量)(,)(实)(现)(高)(质)(量)(、)(高)(效)(益)(、)(高)(效)(率)(的)(发)(展)(。)(以)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(为)(例)(,)(助)(推)(器)(和)(一)(级)(箭)(体)(、)(助)(推)(发)(动)(机)(和)(一)(级)(发)(动)(机)(相)(关)(产)(品)(采)(用)(与)(长)(征)(五)(号)(通)(用)(化)(的)(设)(计)(方)(案)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(在)(研)(制)(过)(程)(中)(不)(需)(要)(在)(开)(展)(相)(关)(研)(制)(试)(验)(;)(同)(时)(,)(产)(品)(生)(产)(也)(可)(以)(实)(现)(批)(量)(化)(,)(对)(发)(射)(场)(地)(及)(相)(关)(发)(射)(支)(持)(设)(备)(的)(需)(要)(也)(可)(以)(做)(到)(统)(一)(,)(极)(大)(节)(约)(研)(制)(成)(本)(和)(研)(制)(周)(期)(。)

7(、)(研)(制)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(有)(哪)(些)(重)(大)(意)(义)(?)

(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(的)(运)(载)(能)(力)(是)(我)(国)(现)(役)(火)(箭)(中)(最)(大)(的)(,)(近)(地)(轨)(道)(运)(载)(能)(力)(达)(到)22(吨)(,)(使)(我)(国)(发)(射)(较)(大)(规)(模)(的)(航)(天)(器)(成)(为)(可)(能)(,)(比)(如)(空)(间)(站)(的)(各)(个)(舱)(段)(,)(重)(量)(达)(到)20(吨)(以)(上)(,)(只)(有)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(能)(够)(发)(射)(。)(在)(此)(之)(前)(,)(我)(国)(近)(地)(轨)(道)(运)(载)(能)(力)(约)(为)14(吨)(()(长)(征)(七)(号)())(。)

(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(的)(首)(飞)(成)(功)(,)(使)(我)(国)(大)(型)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(的)(技)(术)(水)(平)(进)(入)(世)(界)(第)(一)(梯)(队)(,)(与)(俄)(罗)(斯)(“)(质)(子)-M(”)(火)(箭)(、)(美)(国)(“)(猎)(鹰)-9(”)(火)(箭)(、)(“)(德)(尔)(塔)IV(”)(火)(箭)(、)(欧)(洲)(“)(阿)(丽)(亚)(娜)-5(”)(火)(箭)(的)(运)(载)(能)(力)(相)(当)(。)(同)(时)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(也)(是)(我)(国)(新)(一)(代)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(系)(列)(化)(发)(展)(的)(代)(表)(之)(一)(,)(将)(为)(后)(续)(重)(型)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(的)(研)(制)(提)(供)(重)(要)(技)(术)(积)(累)(。)

8(、)(未)(来)(空)(间)(站)(建)(设)(阶)(段)(,)(长)(五)B(和)(其)(他)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(如)(何)(分)(工)(?)

(在)(长)(征)(火)(箭)(家)(族)(中)(,)(共)(有)(三)(型)(火)(箭)(参)(与)(到)(我)(国)(载)(人)(空)(间)(站)(工)(程)(中)(,)(分)(别)(是)(长)(征)(二)(号)F(运)(载)(火)(箭)(、)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(运)(载)(火)(箭)(以)(及)(长)(征)(七)(号)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(。)

(长)(征)(五)(号)B(运)(载)(火)(箭)(主)(要)(完)(成)(载)(人)(空)(间)(站)(核)(心)(舱)(及)(两)(个)(实)(验)(舱)(的)(发)(射)(任)(务)(;)(长)(征)(七)(号)(运)(载)(火)(箭)(主)(要)(用)(于)(发)(射)(“)(天)(舟)(”)(货)(运)(飞)(船)(,)(为)(空)(间)(站)(和)(航)(天)(员)(运)(送)(物)(资)(;)(长)(征)(二)(号)F(运)(载)(火)(箭)(主)(要)(负)(责)(将)(航)(天)(员)(送)(入)(空)(间)(站)(。)

9(、)(长)(征)(五)(号)(系)(列)(火)(箭)(后)(续)(有)(哪)(些)(重)(大)(任)(务)(?)

(按)(照)(计)(划)(,)2020(年)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)(系)(列)(火)(箭)(将)(执)(行)3(次)(发)(射)(任)(务)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(首)(飞)(之)(后)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)(火)(箭)(将)(发)(射)(我)(国)(首)(个)(火)(星)(探)(测)(器)(;)(长)(征)(五)(号)(火)(箭)(还)(将)(发)(射)(嫦)(娥)(五)(号)(月)(球)(探)(测)(器)(,)(实)(现)(月)(球)(采)(样)(返)(回)(。)

10(、)(文)(昌)(发)(射)(场)(此)(前)(发)(射)(长)(五)(的)(经)(验)(,)(对)(发)(射)(长)(五)B(有)(哪)(些)(帮)(助)(?)

(长)(征)(五)(号)(火)(箭)(与)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(火)(箭)(的)(一)(级)(和)(助)(推)(有)(很)(多)(共)(性)(的)(地)(方)(,)(在)(与)(发)(射)(场)(系)(统)(的)(协)(调)(匹)(配)(等)(方)(面)(,)(也)(有)(许)(多)(相)(同)(点)(,)(可)(以)(充)(分)(借)(鉴)(长)(征)(五)(号)(的)(发)(射)(经)(验)(。)(不)(过)(,)(长)(征)(五)(号)B(也)(有)(很)(多)(独)(特)(的)(地)(方)(。)

(此)(次)(任)(务)(是)(首)(次)(使)(用)(飞)(行)(箭)(执)(行)(发)(射)(场)(合)(练)(任)(务)(。)(按)(照)(任)(务)(要)(求)(,)(火)(箭)(先)(开)(展)(发)(射)(场)(合)(练)(,)(之)(后)(执)(行)(首)(飞)(任)(务)(:)(发)(射)(场)(合)(练)(为)(火)(箭)(研)(制)(阶)(段)(系)(统)(间)(大)(型)(地)(面)(试)(验)(,)(有)(效)(载)(荷)(为)(空)(间)(站)(系)(统)(核)(心)(舱)(试)(验)(件)(;)(首)(飞)(任)(务)(是)(火)(箭)(首)(次)(研)(制)(性)(飞)(行)(试)(验)(。)(在)(合)(练)(任)(务)(期)(间)(,)(必)(须)(要)(考)(虑)(到)(飞)(行)(箭)(产)(品)(的)(防)(护)(,)(特)(别)(是)(发)(射)(区)(高)(温)(高)(湿)(及)(盐)(雾)(环)(境)(对)(产)(品)(的)(影)(响)(。)

(长)(五)B(遥)(一)(火)(箭)(合)(练)(有)(效)(载)(荷)(和)(首)(飞)(有)(效)(载)(荷)(计)(划)(安)(排)(紧)(密)(,)(给)(对)(接)(和)(合)(罩)(工)(作)(带)(来)(较)(大)(挑)(战)(。)(通)(过)(积)(极)(协)(调)(相)(关)(单)(位)(确)(保)(了)(整)(体)(进)(度)(按)(照)(计)(划)(进)(行)(。)

(刘)(雨)(欣) (本)(文)(来)(源)(:)(环)(球)(时)(报)-(环)(球)(网) (责)(任)(编)(辑)(:)(刘)(雨)(欣)_B12060

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